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Friday, 30 August 2019
Burma Campaign UK today publishes an updated version of its 'Dirty List', adding 38 companies to the list of companies linked to Burma's military, or to projects linked to human rights violations and environmental destruction in Burma.
Companies added include:
- American technology giant Google, which hosts apps for the Burmese military commander Min Aung Hlaing and military companies.
- American technology company Apple, which hosts apps for military-owned companies.
- French energy giant EDF, involved in a dam project in Shan State linked to conflict.
- Huawei, Chinese communications technology company working for Mytel.
- TPG Capital, an American investment company which is the majority owner of two telecom tower companies working for military-owned Mytel.
49 companies were placed on the original 'Dirty List' published in December 2018. Three have since ended their involvement, and one company has been merged into its parent company, also linked to the military, bringing the total number of companies on the list to 83.
Almost two years ago, on August 25th 2017 the Burmese military launched an offensive against the ethnic Rohingya, which left thousands dead, 700,000 refugees in Bangladesh, and has been described by United Nations investigators as genocide.
To date the only practical sanctions against the Burmese military, taken by a small number of countries, has been banning a small number of military personnel from taking holidays in their country.
The British government, the European Union and other governments around the world have decided not to impose targeted sanctions against military-owned and controlled companies. Instead they are allowing companies to continue to do business with, and thereby helping to fund, the military.
As the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar has reported, military-owned companies provide the military with revenue which it can use in its operations where human rights violations are committed.
In publishing this list we hope that in addition to pressuring companies to stop doing business with the military, it will also draw more attention to the need for greater pressure on the military by the international community. The United Nations Fact Finding Mission on Myanmar has also called for sanctions on Burmese military-owned companies.
"When an international company does business with a military-owned company, including promoting their products, they are helping the military to make the money it uses to commit violations of human rights," said Mark Farmaner, Director of Burma Campaign UK. "No company should be doing any form of business with Burma's genocidal military. It is inexplicable why a company would want to work for, or allow on its platform, a military which rapes children and throws babies into fires. Companies which work with and for the military are helping to fund genocide."
Notes to editors:
The new companies added to the 'Dirty List' primarily represent new research rather than any surge in companies doing business with the military.
There is little transparency in the ownership of military-owned companies. We have based entries on the 'Dirty List' based on the best available information which we have. We welcome information on any mistakes we may have made, or on any companies which we should add, which will be treated in confidence.
All companies have been written to in advance and given the opportunity to correct inaccurate information or to end their involvement without publicity. The vast majority of companies have not responded. Responses are published on a company's 'Dirty List' entry where we have received them.
Given our policy of approaching companies before adding them to the 'Dirty List', we have not yet had sufficient time to approach and receive responses from new companies named in the United Nations Fact-Finding Mission report on the economic interests of the military. We will publish a further update before the end of 2019.
The criteria for being added to the 'Dirty List' is broader than that used by the United Nations Fact-finding Mission as we also include companies involved in projects linked to human rights violations and environmental destruction.
Burma Campaign UK does not support general trade sanctions on Burma. We are calling for targeted sanctions on military-owned companies. We are not saying that companies should not do any business in Burma, we are saying that companies should not be doing business with military-owned companies.
This media release was corrected on 23rd August 2019 to remove Peel Ports after we learned they had sold their subsidiary, Portia Management Services, which operates a military-owned port in Burma. Portia Management Services has replaced Peel Group on the 'Dirty List'.
On 4 July 2019, the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court ("ICC"), Fatou Bensouda, requested the authorisation from Pre-Trial Chamber III to initiate an investigation into alleged crimes against the civilian Rohingya population in Myanmar since at least 9 October 2016 ("Situation in Bangladesh/Myanmar").
As per the ICC's legal framework, the victims of the alleged crimes committed against the Rohingya population in Myanmar have the right to submit "representations", i.e. to provide their views, concerns and expectations, to the ICC Judges who are considering the Prosecutor's request.
The Victims Participation and Reparations Section ("VPRS") of the Registry is responsible for assisting victims in the process of submitting representations. To help facilitate this process, the VPRS has prepared a template victim representation form which is available in various formats: PDF form in English, Burmese and Bangla/Bengali, aRohingya audio recording of the form and an online form in English. Guidelines on how to fill in the form are also available in English, Burmese, Bangla/Bengali and Rohingya (audio) to help victims understand and fill in the representation form. Victims can also submit representations in other formats, e.g. video, audio, etc. It is important that the representations, irrespective of their format, contain the information requested in the template representation form.
The deadline for submitting victim representation forms to the ICC is 28 October 2019. Please note that the process of submitting representations is voluntary and free of charge.
This is not an application process for participation in court proceedings or for obtaining reparations before the ICC. The process initiated by the Prosecutor is limited to the submission of victims' views, concerns and expectations on the Prosecutor's request to open an investigation. Representations made under article 15 (3) of the Rome Statute do not grant victims participatory status in potential future judicial proceedings. Should such proceedings arise in the future, victims interested in applying to participate in judicial proceedings before the ICC or for reparations in this situation will have to fill in a separate application form which will be made available then.
For further information on the situation, click here.
Please contact the VPRS at VPRS.Information@icc-cpi.int for any questions in regards to filling in the representation form and any related issue.